[189], Work on Tommy took up most of 1974, and live performances by the Who were restricted to a show in May at the Valley, the home of Charlton Athletic, in front of 80,000 fans,[190] and a few dates at Madison Square Garden in June. [90], The group started 1968 by touring Australia and New Zealand with the Small Faces. "[303], The Who are one of the most influential rock bands of the 20th century. Moon had moved to Los Angeles, so they used session drummers, including Kenney Jones. A full reunion began in 1999, with drummer Zak Starkey. [248] The short set they played there was the last time Jones played with the Who. After leaving, he passed out in a doorway, where a policeman said he would not be arrested if he could stand and walk. For other uses, see, "The music of the Who can only be called rock & roll ... it is neither derivative of folk music nor the blues; the primary influence is rock & roll itself. set with The Beach Boys' Bruce Johnston. [36][37] Lambert related to Townshend and his art school background, and encouraged him to write songs. • Roger Daltrey – lead and backing vocals, rhythm guitar, harmonica, percussion (1964–1983, 1985, 1988, 1989, 1996–present) [105], The Who are perceived as having had a poor working relationship. [293], In October 2013, Townshend announced the Who would stage their final tour in 2015, performing in locations they have never played before. [132] In March the Who released the UK top 20 hit "The Seeker", continuing a theme of issuing singles separate to albums. [412] Seven of the group's albums appeared on Rolling Stone's list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time (determined in 2003), and five songs are on the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time list. Townshend said he wrote the song about identity crisis, and as a parody of the Rolling Stones's "19th Nervous Breakdown". Townshend suggested to Mojo that it could be the group's last UK gig. Technical problems from the Hull gig resulted in the Leeds gig being used, which became Live at Leeds. [225] This was partly due to the festival seating, where the first to enter get the best positions. [331], Throughout their careers, the members of the Who have said their live sound has never been captured as they wished on record. The Who is an English rock band formed in 1964. [179] The film featured a star-studded cast, including the band members. [273], The Who played concerts in the UK in early 2002 in preparation for a full US tour. The original personnel, with Tesco (vocals), was Gary Baker (guitar), and Steve Morley (bass guitar), initially with Steve Maycock then Clive Parker (drums). [259], In 1991, the Who recorded a cover of Elton John's "Saturday Night's Alright for Fighting" for the tribute album Two Rooms: Celebrating the Songs of Elton John & Bernie Taupin. Although all three surviving original members of the Who attended, they appeared on stage together only during the finale, "Join Together", with the other guests. [164] Following a short European tour, the remainder of 1972 was spent working on an orchestral version of Tommy with Lou Reizner. [352] Moon used Premier kits starting in 1966. He avoided the hi-hat, and concentrated on a mix of tom rolls and cymbals. The Byrds, American band of the 1960s who popularized folk rock, particularly the songs of Bob Dylan, and whose changes in personnel created an extensive family tree of major country rock bands and pop supergroups. Tour. The founding members of the Who, Roger Daltrey, Pete Townshend and John Entwistle, grew up in Acton, London and went to Acton County Grammar School. [262] Townshend played mostly acoustic guitar, but eventually was persuaded to play some electric. During "My Generation", Townshend attacked Moon with his guitar; Moon suffered a black eye and bruises, and he and Entwistle left the band, but changed their minds and rejoined a week later. The Members. "[238] Townshend did not change his mind, and so the Who embarked on a farewell tour of the US and Canada[239] with the Clash as support,[240] ending in Toronto on 17 December 1982. Stigwood suggested Ken Russell as director, whose previous work Townshend had admired. [326], Townshend and Entwistle were instrumental in making extreme volumes and distortion standard rock practices. [5][4] After Acton County, Townshend attended Ealing Art College,[6] a move he later described as profoundly influential on the course of the Who. [51], The transition to a hit-making band with original material, encouraged by Lambert, did not sit well with Daltrey, and a recording session of R&B covers went unreleased. [324] In By Numbers the group's style had scaled back to more standard rock,[325] but synthesisers regained prominence on Face Dances. [382], The loud volume of the band's live show influenced the approach of hard rock and heavy metal. [349] Entwistle's basses include a "Frankenstein" assembled from five Fender Precision and Jazz basses, and Warwick, Alembic, Gretsch and Guild basses. [406], The New York Times Magazine has listed The Who among hundreds of artists whose material was reportedly destroyed in the 2008 Universal fire. The Who, Soundtrack: The Kids Are Alright. "Baba O'Riley" and "Won't Get Fooled Again" are early examples of synthesizer use in rock, featuring keyboard sounds generated in real time by a Lowrey organ; on "Won't Get Fooled Again", it was further processed through a VCS3 synthesizer. [252] Their two shows at Sullivan Stadium in Foxborough, Massachusetts, sold 100,000 tickets in less than eight hours, beating previous records set there by U2 and David Bowie. Despite technical difficulties the show led to a six-night residency at Madison Square Garden and a US and European tour through 1996 and 1997. [262][354], Townshend focused on writing meaningful lyrics[355] inspired by Bob Dylan, whose words dealt with subjects other than boy–girl relationships that were common in rock music; in contrast to Dylan's intellectualism, Townshend believed his lyrics should be about things kids could relate to. Live appearances at Woodstock in August 1969, and the Isle of Wight Festival in 1970, along with the live album Live at Leeds in 1970, cemented their reputation as a respected rock act. had ended, the mod movement was becoming unfashionable, and the Who found themselves in competition on the London circuit with groups including Cream and the Jimi Hendrix Experience. [145] The synthesizer intro to "Baba O'Riley" was programmed based on Meher Baba's vital stats,[147] and the track featured a violin solo by Dave Arbus. 7 in the UK. Daltrey was grateful that the Who had saved him from a career as a sheet-metal worker and was unhappy at Townshend not playing well; Townshend felt the commitment of the group prevented him from releasing solo material. "[117] A more enjoyable appearance came a few weeks later at the 1969 Isle of Wight Festival in England, which Townshend described as "a great concert for" the band. [7] Wilson was fired in mid-1962 and replaced by Doug Sandom, though he was older than the rest of the band, married, and a more proficient musician, having been playing semi-professionally for two years. [96] Townshend had stopped using drugs and became interested in the teachings of Meher Baba. [149] The Who continued to issue Lifehouse-related material over the next few years, including the singles "Let's See Action", "Join Together" and "Relay". The suite of song fragments is about a girl who has an affair while her lover is away, but is ultimately forgiven. [205] In May, the Who filmed another performance at Shepperton Sound Studios for The Kids Are Alright. Why Live Aid was the greatest show of all", "Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in Children: What Educators Need to Know", "Musicians' Health Issues Often Overlooked", "Flashback: The Who Strip Down at their 1999 comeback show", "The Who resurrects its 'other' rock opera, 'Quadrophenia, "VH1: 100 Greatest Artists of Rock & Roll", "Neil Young, the Who, Pearl Jam, Take It to the Bridge", "The Who & Special Guests: Live at the Royal Albert Hall (2000)", "Corporations put aside egos, rivalry to help out", "The Who Spring Back And Start Their Tour", "24 Years Later, Believe It or Not, The Who's Next", "Fans React to the Who's Super Bowl Halftime Performance", "The Who: Quadrophenia at the Royal Albert Hall", "The Who's Future Uncertain as Townshend's Tinnitus Returns", "The Who Quadrophenia (and more) in Ottawa", "The Who announce North American tour performing "Quadrophenia" plus Who classics", "How Local Drummer Scott Devours Scored a Gig With the Who With Four Hours to Learn 'Quadrophenia, "The Who: Quadrophenia Live in London – The Sea and the Sand – exclusive footage", "The Who announce they will quit touring after 50th anniversary gig in 2015", "The Who to Launch 'Last Big Tour' in 2015", "The Who say UK tour begins 'long goodbye, "Kenney Jones to perform with The Who on stage for first time in more than 25 years", "The Who Launching World Tour This Year and 'Hoping' for New Album", "The Who announce 50th anniversary 'goodbye' tour", "The Who unveil first new song in eight years", "The Who Announce New App, Preview Foray Into Virtual Reality", "Pete Townshend: "I Think The Who Will Stop After This Year, "The Who to Headline Sunday at Glastonbury Festival 2015", "Roger Daltrey's meningitis puts The Who's tour on hold", "The Who to Return to the Isle of Wight Festival", "THE WHO TO PREMIERE A NEW ACOUSTIC PRESENTATION OF 'TOMMY' AT TEENAGE CANCER TRUST AT THE ROYAL ALBERT HALL 30 MARCH / 1 APRIL 2017", "The Who to perform Tommy in full on 2017 UK tour – The Who announce that 5 UK dates scheduled for April [2017] will include a performance of classic album Tommy in full", "The Who Plot Symphonic U.S. [105], By the end of the year, 18 months of touring had led to a well-rehearsed and tight live band, which was evident when they performed "A Quick One While He's Away" at The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus television special. [57] Peaking at No. [400], Rock-oriented films such as Almost Famous,[401] School of Rock[402] and Tenacious D in the Pick of Destiny refer to the band and feature their songs,[403] and other films have used the band's material in their soundtracks, including Apollo 13 (which used "I Can See For Miles")[404] and Austin Powers: The Spy Who Shagged Me (which used a take of "My Generation" recorded for the BBC). [27] Lambert and Stamp were tasked with finding "typical teens", and invited the group's regular audience from the Goldhawk Social Club. [364], The only genuine friendship in the Who during the 1960s was between Entwistle and Moon. Band members from Steel Pulse, who are flying out to the USA. Townshend baulked at the prospect of doing so, and demanded that all the tapes be burned. [18] Daltrey chose "the Who" the next morning. After Entwistle's death in 2002, plans for a new album were delayed. [233] By this time Townshend had fallen into depression, wondering if he was no longer a visionary. [392] The Who have also influenced pop punk band Panic! In 1994, Daltrey turned 50 and celebrated with two concerts at New York's Carnegie Hall. The band grew out of vocalist/guitarist Chad Allan (born Allan Kobel) and guitarist Randy Bachman 's Winnipeg-based group Chad Allan and the Expressions, originally known as first the Silvertones and then the Reflections. [206], The album was released on 18 August, and became their biggest and fastest seller to date, peaking at No. [8] He was expelled at 15 and found work on a building site. The band were impressed with his energy and enthusiasm, and offered him the job. It was the last studio recording to feature Entwistle. at the Disco. [194] Entwistle's "Success Story" gave a humorous look at the music industry, and "Squeeze Box" was a hit single. [335] His trademark sound with the band, as noted in 1983, has been a characteristic scream, as heard at the end of "Won't Get Fooled Again". [418], For a complete list, see former touring members, This article is about the English rock band. [97] In August, he gave an interview to Rolling Stone editor Jann Wenner describing in detail the plot of a new album project and its relationship to Baba's teachings. Moon obliged by kicking his drum kit over,[40] and auto-destructive art became a feature of the Who's live set. The band were deeply shaken upon learning of it and requested that appropriate safety precautions be taken in the future. [211][212] John "Rabbit" Bundrick joined the live band as an unofficial keyboardist. This page is a list of the various personnel and line-ups that have been a part of the English rock band the Who, from their origin as the Detours in 1962 to the present day. [141][142], Recording at the Record Plant in New York City in March 1971 was abandoned when Lambert's addiction to hard drugs interfered with his ability to produce. ", "The one thing that disgusts me about the Who is the way they smashed through every door in the uncharted hallway of rock 'n' roll without leaving much more than some debris for the rest of us to lay claim to.". [180] The cast included Ann-Margret, Oliver Reed, Eric Clapton, Tina Turner, Elton John and Jack Nicholson. [109], In August, the Who performed at the Woodstock Festival, despite being reluctant and demanding $13,000 up front. [78] This and lengthy touring strengthened the band's sound. [39] Angered by the audience's laughter, he smashed the instrument on the stage, then picked up another guitar and continued the show. [405] Several of the band's tracks have appeared in the video game Rock Band and its sequels. The band played instrumentals by the Shadows and the Ventures, and a variety of pop and trad jazz covers. They became known for energetic live performances which often included instrument destruction. [347] His bassline on "Pinball Wizard" was described by Who biographer John Atkins as "a contribution of its own without diminishing the guitar lines";[348] he described his part on "The Real Me" from Quadrophenia, recorded in one take, as "a bass solo with vocals". [139] Eventually, the others complained to Townshend that the project was too complicated and they should simply record another album. Read more from the official band website! [380] In 1965, Paul McCartney said the Who "are the most exciting thing around"[380] and was inspired to write "Helter Skelter" in the group's "heavy" style;[381] John Lennon borrowed the acoustic guitar style in "Pinball Wizard" for "Polythene Pam". [417] In 2009, My Generation was selected for preservation in the United States National Recording Registry. [92][93] After an incident that took place on a flight to Sydney, the band were briefly arrested in Melbourne and then forced to leave the country; Prime Minister John Gorton sent a telegram to The Who telling them never to return to Australia. [125], By 1970, the Who were widely considered one of the best and most popular live rock bands; Chris Charlesworth described their concerts as "leading to a kind of rock nirvana that most bands can only dream about". They are considered one of the most influential rock bands of the 20th century and have sold over 100 million records worldwide. in 2016, a continuation of the previous year's tour. [236] Jones' drumming style was very different from Moon's and this drew criticism within the band. He signed them to his production company,[43] and sold the recording to the US arm of Decca Records, which meant that the group's early singles were released in Britain on Brunswick Records, one of UK Decca's labels for US artists. [25] Moon performed with the Beachcombers a few more times, but dates clashed and he chose to devote himself to the Who. The song used gimmicks such as a vocal stutter to simulate the speech of a mod on amphetamines, and two key changes. Entwistle was the first member to get two 4×12 speaker cabinets, quickly followed by Townshend. [314], The Who have been regarded primarily as a rock band, yet have taken influence from several other styles of music during their career. The Who occasionally re-formed for live appearances such as Live Aid in 1985, a 25th anniversary tour in 1989 and a tour of Quadrophenia in 1996–1997. 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